Kochi (Kochi) is palm-green commercial town of Kerala and the City consists of the mainland Ernakulam, Willingdon Island, Mattancherry, Fort Cochin, Vypeen Island and Bolghatty Island. Ernakulam is the modern city where shopping market, bazar etc are located. From time immemorial, Arab, Chinese, Dutch and British and Portuguese seafarers followed the sea route to Kochi and left their impression on the town. The Chinese fishing nets swaying in the breeze over backwaters, the Jewish Synagogue, Dutch Palace, Portuguese architecture, Bolghatty Palace in Kochi enrich the heritage of Kerala.
Over the years, Cochin has emerged as the commercial and industrial capital of Kerala. It is the second most important city on the west coast of India (after Mumbai/Bombay). Cochin is proud of its world class port and international airport that link it to many major cities worldwide.
This lovely seaside city is flanked by the Western Ghats on the east and the Arabian Sea on the west. Its proximity to the equator, the sea and the mountains provide a rich experience of a moderate equatorial climate.
Cochin has outgrown its original bounds and is now the general name given to much of the region adjoining the original town, which now includes Cochin, Fort Kochi, Mattanchery, Ernakulam and many other nearby towns and villages. Cochin is situated in Ernakulam district in the state of Kerala. Ernakulam is also the name of a town – the administrative capital of Ernakulam district – but, for all practical purposes Ernakulam and Cochin, generally, refer to the same place.
Kochi is the ideal starting point for exploring the unfold beauty of Kerala, rated in the top three tourist destinations by the World Travel & Tourism Council and featured in National Geographic Traveler’s ’50 greatest places of a lifetime’.
City Area :95 sq. km.
Climate :Warm Tropical
Altitude :Sea Level
Temperature :20°C-35°C (68°F-95°F)
Clothing :Tropical Cottons
Language :Malayalam, English, Tamil and English
Beat Season :January, February, March, April, August, September and December.
Location :9° 58″N, 76° 17″E
Places to Visit:
It is also known as Dutch Palace, built by the Portuguese and presented to the King of Kochi in 1555 AD. It acquired the present name after 1663 when the Dutch carried out extensions and repairs in the palace. AT no time did the Portuguese or Dutch stay here. Its interiors are decorated with morals from the Ramayana and there are some lively displays of royal costumes and palanquins. Timing: 1000 hrs to 1700 hrs. Closed on Fridays and national holidays.
In Mattancherry Synagogue is built in 1568 AD. The Great Scrolls of the Old Testament, the copper plates in which the grants of privilege made by the Cochin rulers were recorded and the exquisite Chinese hand-painted tiles are of interest. Timing: 1000 hrs to 1200 hrs and 1500 hrs to 1700 hrs. Closed on Sundays and Jewish Holidays.
ST. Francis Church:
Fort Kochi The Protestant church was originally built by the Portuguese in 1510 AD and is believed to be the oldest church built by the Europeans in India. It remains of inveterate traveller, Vasco da Gamma were initially buried and 14 years later, his mortal remains were taken to Portugal
Sant Cruz Baslica Church:
For Kochi The Roman Catholic Church situated close to St. Francis Church and is worth visiting. Some beautiful ancient paintings can be seen here.
Chinese Fishing Nets:
In Fort Kochi the Chinese Fishing net that line the sea-front and exhibit a mechanical method of catching fish by local fishermen in Fort Kochi. Said to have been brought from China by traders of Kubalai Khan’s Court, they are used at high tide.
Bolghatty Palace is situated in Bolghatty Island a narrow palmfringed Island easily accessible from the mainland. The Palace was built by the Dutch in 1744. Later, it became the seat of the British Resident and today this has been converted into a hotel run by KTDC.
A man-made island created from the material dredged while deeping Kochin Port. Situated between the main land Ernakulam and the old town Mattancherry and separated by the backwaters. Willington Island is an important part of Kochin. The Government of India Tourist Office, the Southern Naval Command Headquarters, the Seaport, Naval Airport, Railway terminus, Customs House, Cochin Port Office etc are located in this island presently.
HILL PALACE MUSEUM.
Hill Palace Museum is situated 12 km away from Ernakulam on the Ernakulam Chotanikkara route. Different types of sculptures, collection of rare coins, old weapons, manuscripts in ancient lipies and collection from Cochin Royal Family are exhibited here. Horse riding facility is also available. The Parishith Thampuran Museum situated at the Durbar Hall Ground together with its collection were transferred to Hill Palace Museum in 1997.
Museum of Kerala History
Its Situated at Edappally 10 km on the National Highway from Ernakulam on Alwaye route. Presents on light and sound spectacles of life-size sculptures in concrete, of the makers of Kerala history, together with the background music and commentary with glimpses of the vastness and diversity of Kerala’s history over the centuries.