Kozhikode (Calicut), the most important region of Malabar in yesteryears, was the capital of the powerful Zamorins and also a prominent trade and commerce center.
Kozhikode District found a place in the World History with the discovery of Sea Route to India in 1498 by the Portuguese Navigator Vasco Da Gama. Vasco Da Gama landed at the Kappad sea shore with three vessels and 170 men. A monument is constucted here to commemorate the historical landing.
Kozhikode city continues to be a centre of flourishing domestic and international trade. Its contribution to all round development of the district in trade, commerce and economic development over the years is spectacular. Kozhikode city is the marketing centre for commodities like pepper coconut, coffee, rubber, lemon grass oil etc., produced in Kozhikode and the neighbouring districts of Wayanad, Malappuram and Kannur.
Basking in the idyllic setting of the serene Arabian Sea on the west and the proud peaks of the Wayanad hills on the east, this district with the serene beaches, lush green countryside, historic sites, all combine to make Kozhikode a popular tourist destination filled with a warm ambience to fascinate a visitor.
The beach at Kozhikode is not yet overdeveloped. It remains a popular retreat for local people. There are two sea piers, almost 125 years old extending well into the sea. There are some nearby parks like the Lions club, and children’s park. It is to watch fishermen with their small rowing boats entering the sea, fighting the waves and returning with their daily catch of fish.
District Area : 3,061 Sq.Km
City Area : 30.61 Sq.Km
City Population : 26,13,683
Climate : Tropical
Altitude : Sea Level
Temprature : Summer – Max 35.0, Min 22.5 / Winter – Max 32.0, Min 22.0
Clothing : Tropical Cottons
Languages Spoken : Malayalam, English, Hindi
Best Period to Visit : September to May
Location : South west coast of India, in the Indian State of Kerala
Borders : Kannur district in North, Wayanad, district in East, Malappuram district in South, Arabian Sea on West.
Places to Visit:
Vasco-da-Gama set foot on the sands of Kappad beach, on 27 May 1498 A.D., This landing is commemorated by a small stone monument at the beach.
In the early hours of the morning dolphins playing in the sea can been seen. The beach, 2 km from Calicut town centre is popular with the local people because of the Lions Club park, the Light House and the two piers – and, of course, the opportunity to enjoy in the evening breeze.
Located at East Hill, the Pazhassirajah Museum, run by the State Archaeological Department, displays ancient mural paintings, antique bronzes and old coins as well as models of temples, megalithic monuments like dolmonoid cysts and the umbrella stones.
Situated next to the Pazhassirajah Museum, the Art Gallery contains paintings of Raja Ravi Varma.
Krishna Menon Museum
The Krishna Menon Museum has a section in honour of the great Indian leader V.K Krishna Menon, whose personal belongings and souvenirs gifted to this world leader are exhibited here.
Mananchira the heart of the city, is the site of important institutions like the Town Hall and the Public Library. One of Calicut’s oldest buildings, the Commonwealth Trust Office is situated here. The large pond and the park are well known landmarks.
Kallai , once the the largest trading centre in Asia was a bustling nerve point of Calicut’s timber trade .Today, though some business does take place, hard times have fallen on the timber trade and Kallai is just a shadow of its past.
11 kms from Kozhikode, is a small coastal town known for centuries as a ship building centre and still famous for its country crafts called “Uru” which are built by the traditional shipbuilders known as Khalasis. Beypore is still a favourite destination among the Arabs for buying of large boats.The Place was formerly known as Vaypura and Vadaparappanad. Tippu Sultan named the town “Sultan Pattanam” .It is one of the imporatant ports of Kerala and naturally an important trading centre.It is a major fishing harbour of kerala. There are two man made extensions to the sea to facilitate easy acces for fishing boats.
A commercial centre of martial arts, Kalaripayattu, Badagara, 48 km from Calicut is also the birthplace of Thacholi Othenan, whose heroic deeds have been immortalised in the ballads of North Malabar